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F. FAQ's

At Adare Human Resource Management, we often get questions relating to Employment Equality . Our team have developed this series of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) below, relating to the queries we most often receive.  
What are the 9 grounds of discrimination?

It is illegal for an Employer to discriminate, directly or indirectly, on one or more of the nine grounds:

  1. Gender
  2. Civil Status
  3. Family Status
  4. Sexual Orientation
  5. Disability
  6. Age
  7. Race
  8. Religion
  9. Membership of the Traveller Community
What is the aim of the Employment Equality Acts?

The Employment Equality Acts, 1998 – 2012 aim to:

  • Promote equality;
  • Prohibit discrimination (with some exemptions) across the nine grounds;
  • Prohibit sexual harassment and harassment;
  • Prohibit victimisation;
  • Ensure there are appropriate measures in place for people with disabilities in relation to access, participation and training in employment;
  • Allow positive action measures to ensure full equality in practice across the nine grounds.
Who is protected under the Acts?

The Acts apply to:

  • Full time, Part time and Temporary Employees
  • Public and private sector employment
  • Employment Agencies
  • Vocational Training bodies
  • Trade Unions
  • Professional and Trade bodies


                The Acts also extend to self-employed people, partners in a partnership and State and Local      Authority office holders. 

What aspects of employment are covered by the Employment Equality Acts?

Aspects of employment which are covered by the Acts include:

  • Equal Pay
  • Job Advertising
  • Terms and Conditions of Employment
  • Classification of Posts
  • Access to Employment
  • Vocational Training and Work Experience
  • Promotion or Re-Grading
  • Dismissal
  • Collective Agreements

                The Employment Equality Acts, 1998 – 2012, protect Employees from Employment-related sexual harassment and harassment.


What is discrimination?

Direct discrimination occurs where a person is treated less favourably than another person is, has been or would be treated in a comparable situation due to one of the nine grounds of  discrimination.

Indirect discrimination is taken to occur where an apparently neutral provision, requirement,policy or rule puts a person with one characteristic at a particular disadvantage compared with others without that characteristic.


What is Harassment?

Harassment is defined as any form of unwanted conduct relating to any of the nine discriminatory grounds of gender, civil status, family status, sexual orientation, religion, age, disability, race and/or membership of the traveller community, which has the purpose or effect of violating a person’s dignity and creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading,humiliating or offensive environment for the person.

Is harassment just a once off or does it need to happen on more than one occasion?
A single incident may constitute harassment.

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